Large Industrial Load Analysis

Under BPA’s tiered rate structure, post-2010 load growth is served at market power prices. Power supply required to serve load growth can be purchased from Bonneville, self-supplied from an owned generating resource or purchased from a third party. Regardless of the supplier, the price will most likely be market-based. Future market prices are expected to be nearly twice as high as the price at which Tier 1 loads will be supplied from the federal based system (Bonneville). If a new large industrial load comes on-line or an existing industrial customer’s load increases rolling the incremental purchased power costs into the utility’s revenue requirement may result in unacceptable rate impacts on the PUD’s existing customers.

EES Consulting has assisted several BPA customers develop scenarios that illustrate the rate impacts of various new large load quantities on the utility’s existing retail customers. Bonneville’s customer utilities are asking themselves where the line should be drawn with respect to sharing the incremental costs associated with serving new or expanding large loads with the utility’s other retail customers.

Salem Electric

EES Consulting developed a model designed to educate policy makers on the pros and cons of melding the power supply costs of all future customers. In particular, the model illustrated the impact on retail rates of absorbing the costs of market-priced power that would result from the addition of a new large load. The analysis calculated the retail rate impact on existing customers assuming various wholesale market prices and sizes of new large loads. The analysis also provided analysis regarding rate policies that allow the costs of serving new large loads to be melded into the utilities’ overall revenue requirement and thus the high marginal power supply costs are shared with all customers up to a certain energy level.

Lower Valley Energy

EES Consulting provided Lower Valley Energy’s policy makers with the results of a spreadsheet model that calculated the impact on retail customers of melding the incremental power supply costs associated with serving new large loads. The Board was tasked with implementing new rate policy regarding potential new large loads. The balance between economic development and retail rate stability was included as a key variable in the decision-making process. Several options were presented to the Board that ran the spectrum from passing on all of the incremental power costs to new large loads to melding all of the incremental power costs into the retail rates of Lower Valley’s existing customers. EES Consulting helped guide Lower Valley toward a rate policy that will encourage economic development while minimizing existing retail customers’ exposure to dramatic increases in power supply costs.

Featured Projects

Grays Harbor PUD Integrated Resource Plan

EES Consulting prepared Grays Harbor’s 2020 Integrated Resource Plan. Grays Harbor is required to submit an IRP to the state of Washington every two years that demonstrates how it will meet the electric power needs of its members with a reliable supply of power delivered in the most cost-effective manner. The 2020 IRP was an evaluation of resource alternatives that could be deployed to meet Grays Harbor’s load and meet state of Washington renewable energy requirements under the Energy Independence Act and carbon-free energy requirements under the Clean Energy Transformation Act. Grays Harbor embarked on an IRP to study alternative sources of supply that could best serve its customers’ needs for the period 2021-2040.

Los Angeles County Aliso Canyon

The County of Los Angeles asked EES Consulting to evaluate alternatives to mitigate the need to withdraw natural gas from the Aliso Canyon storage facility. The facility was used to supply gas during peak winter usage as well as to supply natural gas-fired generators during peak summer demand, but it was shut down after a massive leak released more than 100,000 metric tons of methane. EES found that measures put in place by utilities in Southern California to maintain system reliability without utilizing Aliso Canyon were working, and that resuming natural gas injections was unnecessary in the near term. In the longer term, the acquisition of demand response, energy storage, and energy efficiency could effectively displace the need for Aliso Canyon. EES also provided a series of recommendations to improve the implementation of the mitigation measures. (Image:Earthworks)